This joint annual report from the custodian agencies of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 7 on energy, serves to guide international co-operation and policy-making to achieve universal, sustainable energy access by 2030. The report examines various ways of bridging the gaps, chief among them the goal of significantly scaling up renewable energy while maximising its socio-economic benefits. During the COVID-19 pandemic, renewables have proven more resilient than other parts of the energy sector, and their short-term outlook shows resilience in all regions, helped along by supportive policies and falling technology costs. The share of renewables in total final energy consumption (TFEC) has however been stable around 17% since 2010, because TFEC has grown at more or less the same rate as renewables. This points to the importance of further scaling up renewable energy while phasing out fossil fuels and containing energy consumption through energy efficiency.